Research & Opinion
CORD’s 2013-2014 Focus is:
The Right to Health
The Right to Health is a universal human right accorded to all in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the International Convenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
The right to health is an inclusive right which grants all access to health care, the building of hospitals, provision of safe drinking water and adequate sanitation, safe and nutritious food, adequate housing, healthy working and environmental conditions, health-related education and information, and gender equity.
But not everyone is being awarded these human rights.
Every day1,000 women die of the consequences of pregnancy and childbirth (source: WHO), mostly due to lack of facilities, trained birth attendants, and medications.
According to the World Health Organization, approximately 34 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS. Only 8 million people living in low and middle income countries have access to treatment.
6.6 million children under the age of 5 died in 2012. That is nearly 18,000 every day (source: UNICEF)
The international community is banding together to protect the inherent right to health, as outlined in Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and Article 12 of the ICESCR:
UDHR Article 25
- (1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
- (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
ICESCR Article 12
1. The States Parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
2. The steps to be taken by the States Parties to the present Covenant to achieve the full realization of this right shall include those necessary for:
(a) The provision for the reduction of the stillbirth-rate and of infant mortality and for the healthy development of the child;
(b) The improvement of all aspects of environmental and industrial hygiene;
(c) The prevention, treatment and control of epidemic, endemic, occupational and other diseases;
(d) The creation of conditions which would assure to all medical service and medical attention in the event of sickness.
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